Intellectual Disability and Down's Syndrome

A child with an intellectual disability learns and develops more slowly than other children. But this disability is not only related to the child, but its relationship with the environment is especially relevant. If we create inclusive environments, they will be able to develop many of their skills and capabilities and leverage all their strengths.

Games should be focused on developing autonomy, stimulating your senses, improving the expression of oral and written language.

They also work on muscle tone and motor skills and encourage their socialization with the environment. Enhancing your creativity and strengths through play is also essential.

This selection of games will help you choose the perfect gift.

Intellectual Disability and Down Syndrome | Akros Educational
Inclusive association game for discovering primary and secondary colours. Roll the dice and complete the colour wheels with real-world photographs. It encourages inclusion in the classroom. Includes the ColorADD® graphical colour identification system for colour-blind people. If colour is for all, the game is for everyone!
Game of observation and cooperation for learning to count. Look at the fun pictures in the puzzles, find the number of birds shown on the cards and mark them with the hoop. Count them and complete the task as you play in a team with your friends. This game develops attention and concentration!
Spin the wheels, look at the pictures and let your imagination run wild! Includes 8 themed wheels with real-world images, 2 rewritable wheels, an erasable marker and cards with icons for assigning the wheels and saying whose turn it is. Work in a group to create amazing stories together!

Count and complete from 1 to 10

A game for learning to count from 1 to 10 in a hands-on way. Complete the 10 puzzles, count the elements in the pictures and complete the boards with the round counters up to the indicated number. And see how to break down numbers in a visual, intuitive way. Learn to count with real pictures!
Game with real-world images to recognise, accept and validate the emotions we might feel in different situations. It helps us learn that we aren't all the same and sometimes feel different emotions in the same situation. It encourages empathy and respect for emotions in oneself and in others. Roll the dice, look at a situation and share your emotions!

The Geometric Shapes Challenge

Discover geometric shapes using your senses in a hands-on, creative way. Learn the shapes using action cards, tactile trails, puzzles, constructions, recognising geometric shapes in real life and large pieces to join together using the laces. Spin the wheels and learn geometric shapes through fun challenges!
Pack of 4 ECO puzzles of 15 pieces each to work on observation. Develops attention and concentration. Includes: Little Red Riding Hood, The Three Little Pigs, Puss in Boots and Pinocchio. Search and find all the items on the frame in the puzzle!

Puzzles set My inclusive school

Pack of 4 wooden ECO puzzles of 24 pieces each. Includes: the classroom, the playground, the dining room and the gymnasium. Develops manual dexterity, fine motor skills, attention and concentration. Encourages the observation of inclusive situations and fosters an attitude of respect for diversity.
Discover the diversity there is at school, at home and in life to reflect on the values of respect, tolerance, cooperation, integration, collaboration and solidarity. This social inclusion memory game uses real pictures to show a more inclusive world and promote values that encourage peace.
Educational Games

The 3 Rs: Reduce, Reuse and Recycle

Learn sustainable habits to reduce the consumption of the resources we use, such as water or energy, reduce the waste we generate, reuse packaging, clothing and objects that we have in our surroundings and recycle properly. Observation and classification game with real, large-size pictures. Spin the wheel and learn to be an environmentally-friendly consumer!
Association game with photographs to discover and classify the social, economic and cultural characteristics of each period in history. Discover how the economy, transport, architecture, paintings, occupations, housing and clothing have evolved, and learn about some of the most representative inventions from different periods in history. It includes a...
Association game with photographs to discover and learn about different religions. It offers the chance to develop an education based on values as a basis for resolving conflicts. It helps you promote a culture of peace and respect from a very early age. The game features the following religions: Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam and Judaism. Throw...
Learn to add and subtract and carry over using a simple method to understand the step between tens and units. The 8 boards are rewritable so you can practise as many times as you like, and the base includes a number line to make the calculations easier. It contains two systems to subtract and carry over by exchanging and equal addition. It includes a...
Educational Games

Discover the different forms of art!

Original association game using real pictures to discover art in its different forms: painting, sculpture, architecture, literature, cinema, theatre, music and dance. Spin the wheel and discover your favourite form of art! Large reversible cards with self-correction system.
Educational Games

Topology Birds. Spatial orientation

Original memory game to develop spatial orientation and learn opposing spatial positions: in front-behind, inside-outside, on-under, to the right-to the left, near-far and together-apart. Form pairs of birds in opposite spatial positions and test your observation skills and your memory! Large cards with real scenarios.
Educational Games

Salt for montessori methodology (1,3kg)

Salt for handicraft work only. Particle size of between 0.12 and 0.60 mm. White and odourless. Composed mainly of sodium chloride and anti-caking agent. Suitable for use by children and 100% safe.
Sustainability and environment

Enjoy the seasons of the year!

An original association game to discover activities that are carried out in spring, summer, autumn and winter. The real images invite you to explore the seasons of the year again and again. Each season has a different coloured frame which enables you to associate it with its cards easily. Throw the dice and start playing! Enjoy your favourite season!
Diversity and culture

Discover the history of humanity!

Association game to discover by playing the different stages of history and some of its main events. With fun illustrations which help us discovering humanity’s big steps, in a simple way, from its origins to the present day. It enables us to classify relevant historical events during the different stages of history, and then to order them chronologically.
Sustainability and environment

Our sustainable world

Association game which invites us to make small changes in our everyday lives to raise awareness of the need to create a more sustainable world with our actions. With large real images and a self-marking system on the back. Educating is helping people to improve the world!
Manual dexterity

The magic window

A creative window to draw and recreate the world! Includes 6 erasable coloured felt pens to let your imagination fly. It also facilitates working on pre-writing with the completion of basic concepts sheets (sheets not included). You can use it both vertically and flat on the table. Inspired by Montessori methodology.
Skills Development Games

Tactile number cards for pre-writing

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Tactile pre-writing cards for working with numbers and different routes to pre-writing using touch to identify tactile surfaces. Inspired by the Montessori methodology.
Skills Development Games

Tactile letter cards with punctuation signs

Tactile pre-writing cards for working with letters and punctuation signs using touch to identify tactile surfaces. Includes capital and lower-case letters, differentiating in each case the vowels from the consonants. Inspired by the Montessori methodology. (Includes letters: - ç - l·l - ñ)
Healthy Food

The superpowers of healthy food

Discover the "superpowers" hidden in foods and become a "superhero" of healthy eating! This game helps to promote healthy eating habits and teaches the importance of consuming a wide variety of nutritious foods. In addition, it promotes their classification according to the main nutrients they contain and the food group to which they belong. This game has...
Values education

Self-esteem roulette

Discover your skills and strengths by playing in group! The self-esteem roulette increases the self-concept of both girls and boys in a dynamic, fun, positive and enriching way.
Skills Development Games

Maxi-stamps of the 10 emotions

Set of 10 large stamps for representing and playing with the 10 basic emotions that guide our behaviour: happiness, self-confidence, admiration, curiosity, surprise, anger, disgust, sadness, fear and guilty.  Helps children to identify and express their emotions and to develop their social and emotional skills. Can be used with any ink.
Skills Development Games

Recognize and guide the emotions

A game for describing emotions is the first step to starting to develop an emotional conscience, achieving greater self-control and managing to regulate emotions properly.  It helps to identify our own individual emotions, recognize them in other people, and take decisions about our behaviour.
Skills Development Games

Set of puzzles the 10 emotions

Set of 10 puzzles featuring the basic emotions that guide our behaviour, plus 10 matching icons to help identify them: happiness, self-confidence, admiration, curiosity, surprise, anger, disgust, sadness, fear and guilty. Progressive puzzles of 3, 4 and 6 pieces. Made from large pieces of thick, strong, top quality cardboard, for children aged two and...
Emotional Intelligence

Give life to your emotions!

The robots want to learn emotions and we are going to help them! Express basic emotions by representing them in different ways through the senses. A different way of finding out about emotions, providing a more complete view of each of them.
Skills Development Games

Learning about food allergies and intolerances

Do we know what we’re eating? This game lets you discover the most common food, allergies and intolerances, which foods cause them, and what symptoms they can cause. Developed in collaboration with CGD-NE (General Council of Dieticians-Nutritionists of Spain). It helps to generate empathy towards fellow students with food intolerances and encourages their...
A fun way of learning how much energy is provided by food, and how much energy you expend doing different activities. Find out how much energy you need! Use the scales to discover whether there is a balance between the energy of the food you eat and the energy you expend during exercise.  Also learn that not all the energy provided by foods is of the same...
Healthy Food

The healthy eating pyramid

Throw the dice and complete the pyramid with the corresponding food items, taking into account that green is for food that should be eaten often, yellow the ones which should be eaten sometimes and red is for food that should be eaten occasionally.
Skills Development Games

Lotto: 72 food items

A lotto game of 72 food items to practice association in two different ways: picture plus picture, and picture plus word (name of the food item).
Learning Games

The 5 senses

Throw the dice and match the different real-life situations with the relevant sense organ that appears on the dice.

The pre-reading roulette

Spin the roulette and search for images that start with a specific letter or phoneme, that contain that letter or phoneme, or that have a specific number of syllables! A game containing photographs to help you to mentally segment words into syllables and identify phonemes and letters in a progressive way. Phonological awareness is essential for creating a...

Games for children with Down Syndrome

Through play, children begin to mature their character, strengthen their health, learn to socialize and relate to their environment. Parents and educators of a child with Down syndrome can provide activities and toys to motivate the child in the process of self-awareness and personal growth.

Games to develop gross motor skills

Because of the hypotonic constitution of their bodies, the ideal games for children with Down syndrome are those that stimulate their motor skills. Outdoor games will strengthen your muscles, respiratory system and refine your visomotor coordination.

When the person with the syndrome is able to control their body, it's time for parents to motivate them with games that involve jumping and running. These activities, always beneficial to health, will help the child to improve coordination and balance. Swings should be used sparingly to prevent children from developing self-stimulating swinging movements.

Games to develop fine motor skills

The stimulation of fine motor skills is carried out through specific educational games. Precision motor skills require the strengthening of manual muscles and independent finger handling.

The games that allow this training are, among others:

  • Games to fit objects in holes.
  • Balls, cubes and figures to be threaded.
  • Construction bucket toys.
  • Games to draw with pencils, paints or waxes.
  • Crafts with paper or molding paste.
  • Dotted drawings with pre-writing punches.

Games to develop cognition

These games develop children's attention span and perception. When these skills are improved, children will be prepared to take on the learning of more complex skills. Games to train cognition include, but are not limited to:

  • Puzzles of variable difficulty. From small board games and simple drawings to more complex illustrations.
  • Association games, memory games and blocks with geometric shapes that must be coupled in logical order.

Games to develop creative capacity

The creativity of children with Down Syndrome is developed through language games. These activities stimulate children's ability to communicate. These activities include the following

  • Stories with interactive CDs to read as a family.
  • Story dice, or cards with story sequences.
  • Letters with images of objects and actions.
  • Puppets and costumes.

Specialty Toys for Down Syndrome

There are three important stages to consider when trying to motivate a child with Down Syndrome, and here is a list of the most recommended games for each of them:

First stage

We want to motivate your eyesight (help you follow objects and reach for them), draw your attention with vivid colors, and connect your sense of hearing to movement to promote an effective response. At this stage they are usually used:

  • Balls and dice made of foam or different textures with vivid colors
  • Long or short handle rattles, light in bright colors
  • Unbreakable mirrors
  • Mobiles with various figures
  • Music Boxes
  • Instruments such as the xylophone and the drum
  • Vertical stick with rings
  • Dolls that react when pushed
  • Dolls that sound when pressed

Second stage

We seek to motivate their motor skills and manual agility with toys that in turn stimulate spatial understanding:

  • Ring pyramids
  • Locking or overlapping blocks
  • Cylinders or cups stackable or snap-on
  • Accounts to assemble
  • Balls of different sizes and colors
  • Floating toys for the bath
  • Swing (baby bouncer)

Third stage

In the third stage, toys that stimulate logical thinking and reasoning begin to be introduced as we continue to stimulate manual agility and motor skills.

  • Cubes of blocks to build
  • Mailbox with holes that accept different shapes
  • Balls, cars, dolls
  • Push and pull toys
  • Tricycle without pedals or corridors
  • Stories with hard sheets and large, clear drawings
  • Overlapping rings
  • Perforated board to create patterns with coloured studs
  • Trumpets and other instruments
  • Edible paints
  • Introduction to the food game
  • Animals and other more sophisticated dolls

Sports and games for children with intellectual disabilities

Sport offers many benefits, not only for health, but also for social life: it promotes sociability, thanks to rules and team play, and stimulates complex perception mechanisms such as lateralization, muscle coordination and fine motor skills.

Better physical tone can increase the chances of self-care for children with intellectual disabilities, for whom this activity is crucial. In addition to rehabilitation and therapeutic value, it is very important from a social and emotional point of view.

Organizing activities for children with disabilities initially can seem like a complex task and you may even get discouraged. Some syndromes are very difficult to treat, but you don't have to give up. Action can always be taken to promote progress and development. Sport has not only a physical and social dimension, but also a cognitive dimension. Its playful character makes it a fun and enjoyable learning tool. Try to contact the various sports associations for people with disabilities in your area, and find out more about your child's exercise possibilities.

Toys from 3 years old for children with disabilities

Children with disabilities are still children, their tastes and needs are identical to those of any child and therefore they also love to play just like everyone else. They do not necessarily require special toys, although depending on the disability, a traditional toy or game may be required to be adapted to the child's characteristics. In addition, there are games and toys created exclusively to meet the needs of children in certain categories of disability. These kinds of toys transcend play itself, and have some therapeutic use to help sharpen a child's sensory and intellectual abilities.

Specific toys for intellectual and mental disabilities are based on stimulation. Children with mental or cognitive disabilities are often very curious about the world around them. Stimulating them through play is undoubtedly one of the best ways to help them gain autonomy and develop their skills. There are many \classic\" toys that children with mental disabilities can play with. Especially those that produce a multi-stimulation with lights and sounds with buttons and controls that the child can operate directly. Among them you can find different tactile games, toy books in cloth or soft plastic, and all those products that stimulate symbolic play through which to learn the gestures of everyday life.

Choosing the toy for a cognitively retarded child

In order to correctly choose a toy that is stimulating for a child with an intellectual disability, it is good to consult the package first about the age group for which the game was designed, and with this information it can be decided if it is appropriate according to the degree of the child's cognitive evolution. Children with disabilities should find play accessible in terms of handling, and should be able to play in positions that are comfortable for them. Akros games have been designed by professionals in the field of education and speech therapy, as intellectual disability is sometimes associated with speech disorders.

Children with language disorders are not only those who do not use words, but also all children who have a delay in language development. There is a whole range of educational toys dedicated to this disability, which aim to stimulate the use of voice and speech through fun and interesting games for the child. Some examples are cards that represent images and designs to match the corresponding word, interactive games to read aloud the written words, etc. These toys can also be used by all children who have a attention disorder and therefore tend to be hyperactive and devote little attention to a single toy.

Tips for playing with your children

To what extent should parents be involved in their children's play? Parents must satisfy their children's needs and desires for play, although it is not necessary to be a permanent animator, but rather to dedicate a few minutes a day and learn to use all the possibilities of play offered by everyday life. You should only consider the child's type of disability and grade when playing to tailor the fun to his or her abilities.

Younger children are easier to satisfy, because they don't care so much about the game itself, because they are more interested in the presence of parents. Parents can sit on the floor next to him and help him scribble or put together building blocks, following his inclinations. The minutes of daily dedication to the child should be for the child alone, without interruptions from work calls, etc. The important thing is to give clear rules to guide the children about the duration of the activity, and to understand that tomorrow they will play with the parents again.

On the use of everyday life, parents can invent games to enjoy with their children, for example, during a car trip, or shopping at the supermarket, or setting the table for lunch. These moments of fun for the child count, even though for you it's just another activity at home. As you can see, there is no excuse for not playing with the children on the grounds of lack of time, as daily life offers it to you.

Information about Down Syndrome

Trisomy 21 or Down syndrome is a genetic abnormality that often involves learning difficulties. The human being has 23 pairs of chromosomes; Les meilleurs jeux adaptés à la déficience intellectuelle et au syndrome de Down. Découvrez tout ici et achetez-les en ligne !

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