Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Dis. (ADHD)

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a disorder characterized by difficulty in maintaining attention and may be accompanied by excessive activity and impulsivity.

Children with ADHD or ADHD have difficulty maintaining attention and following routines, guidelines and orders on an ongoing basis. That's why the best games are those that, in a fun way, awaken their curiosity, help them to fix the concentration, organize and memorize playing.

On the Akros website we have prepared a selection of observation puzzles, memorys, games to find the differences, bingo and fun activities that work on conflict resolution so that you can choose the most appropriate according to the characteristics and tastes of your child.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADD, ADHD) Games | Akros Educational
Inclusive association game for discovering primary and secondary colours. Roll the dice and complete the colour wheels with real-world photographs. It encourages inclusion in the classroom. Includes the ColorADD® graphical colour identification system for colour-blind people. If colour is for all, the game is for everyone!
Game of observation and cooperation for learning to count. Look at the fun pictures in the puzzles, find the number of birds shown on the cards and mark them with the hoop. Count them and complete the task as you play in a team with your friends. This game develops attention and concentration!

Count and complete from 1 to 10

A game for learning to count from 1 to 10 in a hands-on way. Complete the 10 puzzles, count the elements in the pictures and complete the boards with the round counters up to the indicated number. And see how to break down numbers in a visual, intuitive way. Learn to count with real pictures!
A game for discovering the diversity of the animal world and learning to classify animals according to their main features: diet (herbivore/carnivore/omnivore), natural habitat (air/land/water), reproduction (oviparous/viviparous), internal skeleton (vertebrate/invertebrate), etc. Spin the wheels and look for the animals that correspond to the features...
Pack of 4 ECO puzzles of 15 pieces each to work on observation. Develops attention and concentration. Includes: Little Red Riding Hood, The Three Little Pigs, Puss in Boots and Pinocchio. Search and find all the items on the frame in the puzzle!

Puzzles set My inclusive school

Pack of 4 wooden ECO puzzles of 24 pieces each. Includes: the classroom, the playground, the dining room and the gymnasium. Develops manual dexterity, fine motor skills, attention and concentration. Encourages the observation of inclusive situations and fosters an attitude of respect for diversity.

The Geometric Shapes Challenge

Discover geometric shapes using your senses in a hands-on, creative way. Learn the shapes using action cards, tactile trails, puzzles, constructions, recognising geometric shapes in real life and large pieces to join together using the laces. Spin the wheels and learn geometric shapes through fun challenges!
Educational Games

Salt for montessori methodology (1,3kg)

Salt for handicraft work only. Particle size of between 0.12 and 0.60 mm. White and odourless. Composed mainly of sodium chloride and anti-caking agent. Suitable for use by children and 100% safe.
Sustainability and environment

Enjoy the seasons of the year!

An original association game to discover activities that are carried out in spring, summer, autumn and winter. The real images invite you to explore the seasons of the year again and again. Each season has a different coloured frame which enables you to associate it with its cards easily. Throw the dice and start playing! Enjoy your favourite season!
Educational Games

Topology Birds. Spatial orientation

Original memory game to develop spatial orientation and learn opposing spatial positions: in front-behind, inside-outside, on-under, to the right-to the left, near-far and together-apart. Form pairs of birds in opposite spatial positions and test your observation skills and your memory! Large cards with real scenarios.

Selective attention dominoes

A fun dominoes game, especially suited to work on selective attention through the association of different shapes and colours. Direct your attention to one attribute of the figures, the shape or colour, to make the association. Reversible cards that enable multiple ways to play.
Play, understand and memorise MULTIPLICATION TABLES. At your own pace, and starting from what you already know. A unique, creative, fun and proven process to gain a comprehensive understanding. With this game, you will be able to learn and memorise the multiplication tables, check them and revise them, test your knowledge, interpret and solve problems....
Diversity and culture

Discover the history of humanity!

Association game to discover by playing the different stages of history and some of its main events. With fun illustrations which help us discovering humanity’s big steps, in a simple way, from its origins to the present day. It enables us to classify relevant historical events during the different stages of history, and then to order them chronologically.
Sustainability and environment

Natudomino insectes

An amazing dominoes game with large cards for discovering small insects using real images! Develop your attention while exploring the world of insects in close-up. Reversible cards that also enable you to play classic dominoes.
Association game with photographs to discover and learn about different religions. It offers the chance to develop an education based on values as a basis for resolving conflicts. It helps you promote a culture of peace and respect from a very early age. The game features the following religions: Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam and Judaism. Throw...
Sustainability and environment

Natudomino animals in extinction

An amazing dominoes game with large cards using real images to discover some animals in danger of extinction! Develop your attention while discovering animals that are in danger of disappearing forever. Reversible cards that also enable you to play classic dominoes.
Discover the diversity there is at school, at home and in life to reflect on the values of respect, tolerance, cooperation, integration, collaboration and solidarity. This social inclusion memory game uses real pictures to show a more inclusive world and promote values that encourage peace.
Values education

Self-esteem roulette

Discover your skills and strengths by playing in group! The self-esteem roulette increases the self-concept of both girls and boys in a dynamic, fun, positive and enriching way.
Sustainability and environment

Natudomino zoom in on animals

An amazing dominoes game with large cards, using real images to discover interesting details about animals! Develop your attention while looking at animals in close-up. Reversible cards that also enable you to play classic dominoes.
Sustainability and environment

Natudomino wonders of nature

An amazing dominoes game with large cards for discovering the wonders of nature using real images! Develop your attention while exploring interesting details about the natural world. Reversible cards that also enable you to play classic dominoes.

Friends of 10

Find the monster pairs that add up to 10! A fun way to learn number bonds to 10, the basis for developing mental arithmetic with the number-based algorithm (ABN) method. A dynamic game to facilitate the rapid calculation of elementary operations.
Diversity and culture

Maxi-memory diversity and ways of living

Discover different ways of living and carrying out daily activities in the world, including going to school, getting water, playing, travelling and much more. With this memory game using real images on large cards, you will find out about how people live in other places and learn about the great diversity of today’s world. You will also develop your...
Learn to add and subtract and carry over using a simple method to understand the step between tens and units. The 8 boards are rewritable so you can practise as many times as you like, and the base includes a number line to make the calculations easier. It contains two systems to subtract and carry over by exchanging and equal addition. It includes a...
Original touch-memory game using illustrations specially created with a great deal of contrast and a rough texture! Develop visual and touch discrimination, attention and spatial memory. Also suitable for people with visual impairment.
Sustainability and environment

Our sustainable world

Association game which invites us to make small changes in our everyday lives to raise awareness of the need to create a more sustainable world with our actions. With large real images and a self-marking system on the back. Educating is helping people to improve the world!

Maxi-memory hygiene and health

How many hygiene and health habits do you know? With this memory game involving real images on large cards, you will learn about and encourage healthy hygiene habits, while exercising the memory and working on attention skills. Thanks to hygiene, we live longer!

The pre-reading roulette

Spin the roulette and search for images that start with a specific letter or phoneme, that contain that letter or phoneme, or that have a specific number of syllables! A game containing photographs to help you to mentally segment words into syllables and identify phonemes and letters in a progressive way. Phonological awareness is essential for creating a...
Skills Development Games

Put yourself in my shoes

Observe the different situations, put yourself in the shoes of the characters, and describe how they feel. This encourages the development of social skills such as empathy, the identification of emotions, and helps to develop an emotional conscience.
Educational Games

Discover the different forms of art!

Original association game using real pictures to discover art in its different forms: painting, sculpture, architecture, literature, cinema, theatre, music and dance. Spin the wheel and discover your favourite form of art! Large reversible cards with self-correction system.
Emotional Intelligence

Give life to your emotions!

The robots want to learn emotions and we are going to help them! Express basic emotions by representing them in different ways through the senses. A different way of finding out about emotions, providing a more complete view of each of them.
Skills Development Games

Recognize and guide the emotions

A game for describing emotions is the first step to starting to develop an emotional conscience, achieving greater self-control and managing to regulate emotions properly.  It helps to identify our own individual emotions, recognize them in other people, and take decisions about our behaviour.
Skills Development Games

Set of puzzles the 10 emotions

Set of 10 puzzles featuring the basic emotions that guide our behaviour, plus 10 matching icons to help identify them: happiness, self-confidence, admiration, curiosity, surprise, anger, disgust, sadness, fear and guilty. Progressive puzzles of 3, 4 and 6 pieces. Made from large pieces of thick, strong, top quality cardboard, for children aged two and...
Skills Development Games

Maxi-stamps of the 10 emotions

Set of 10 large stamps for representing and playing with the 10 basic emotions that guide our behaviour: happiness, self-confidence, admiration, curiosity, surprise, anger, disgust, sadness, fear and guilty.  Helps children to identify and express their emotions and to develop their social and emotional skills. Can be used with any ink.
Skills Development Games

The challenge of multiple intelligences

Some fun challenges to develop different kinds of intelligences and understand the strengths of each individual. The game is inspired by Howard Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences and allows the eight intelligences proposed by his model to be exercised, as well as identifying which intelligence predominates in each person. 8 intelligences:...
Skills Development Games

New technologies: balance your activities

Helps children to identify which activities they usually do and to think about how they can balance them. The aim of the game is to make children aware of the risks of doing too much of one activity so they can learn how to balance their free time with different activities.

Games to improve the concentration of children with ADHD

Children with ADHD can train certain techniques to improve their ability to concentrate through educational activities and games. Symptom detection, diagnosis, information for adults and initiation of treatment should be as early as possible. As a reinforcement of treatment, parents should offer play to their child in a fun and engaging way.

Once their attention has been drawn, parents should explain the mechanics of the game to their child in an unambiguous way. Children with attention-deficit and hyperactivity disorder have difficulty thinking and planning, so they may need time and additional information to understand the task at hand, even if it means learning a game they like. The explanation of the rules should place special emphasis on the child's understanding that losing a game is part of the game, and not a tantrum situation.

The educational puzzles on the Akros website are an effective support in improving concentration. Depending on the child's tastes and needs, parents can offer to play word puzzles. These activities involve the construction of syllables, words or entire phrases; and there is the picture puzzle variant.

In the same way, the activities and games of completing geometric figures serve as reinforcement of the treatment of ADHD. Card games for finding differences or relating families of objects can improve memorization.

Other support games for the therapy of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorders are those of the "connect the dots" type. In them the child must complete sequences of lines in a drawing.

What is ADHD?

ADHD or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a childhood disorder of neurobiological origin. The diagnosis of ADHD in children under the age of 6 is rare, as symptoms such as excessive impulsivity are evident in school settings. During primary school, the young person faces major situations and difficulties that may show that his or her ADHD goes beyond simple childhood concerns.

The illness can lead to other disorders that affect mental health. By the end of the school year, the adolescence of children with undiagnosed and untreated ADHD is often problematic, as is their life as adults. In the case of adults who take their child with ADHD to the specialist for consultation, it may happen that one of the parents discovers in their child's symptoms the same health problems that he or she had in childhood and did not receive diagnosis or treatment.

The treatment of ADHD, once the information on the case is collected, is planned on an individualized basis depending on the patient. The combination of pharmacological and psychological treatment mitigates symptoms and minimizes the occurrence of other associated mental health disorders. Treatment is similar in the more adult patients.

Signs of ADHD

The first signs of attention deficit may be noticed in school, as this is the place where children begin to interact, and where they begin to be required to follow social patterns outside of family dynamics.

For diagnosis, symptoms are grouped into three main behavior patterns: hyperactivity, impulsivity and attention deficit. Symptoms should persist for more than 6 months and be unusual for the child's age or intelligence level.


The child is restless, has trouble letting go of legs and hands or changes position constantly, gets up or has trouble sitting, is noisy when expected to be at the crook or during games that require concentration or silence, or in those where he or she must wait his or her turn.

Attention deficit

Makes mistakes that are not consistent with your intelligence, often carelessly; Has trouble or is unable to maintain attention to tasks or play. Often seems to not listen when spoken to; has trouble following instructions or completing activities or duties without being distracted or moving on to another task; is averse to duties that require more mental effort; loses tools, keys, or other objects of daily use; is easily distracted; and may forget activities of daily living.


Responds arrogantly or prematurely, in group situations often skips shifts or loses patience while waiting; frequently interrupts or interferes with conversations or tasks of peers, talks a lot and without measures on social considerations.

Activities to treat impulsivity and improve self-control

  • The volcano: we should ask the quiet child to visualize a volcano before it erupts and explain the metaphor so that he can identify his emotions with it. That way, when we see him getting angry, we can remind him of the volcano and make him aware of how his feelings can take over.
  • The traffic light: works best with older children. As in the previous exercise, when the child is calm, we agree with him/her a series of signals that will help us to alert him/her to his/her level of nervousness. If we take the traffic light colors, green will tell you that everything is fine, yellow is starting to get hot and red has crossed the agreed boundaries.
  • Relaxation methods: getting the child used to self-relaxing one or more times a day (e.g. before bedtime or at naptime) will contribute very positively to his or her mood. If you are a very young child, you can change your relaxation for soothing rituals, such as a hot bath, a story or a massage.
  • Channel the energy: it is important that they can channel the surplus energy that they have... Thus, it is very beneficial that they can carry out some extracurricular sports activity in which they can release excess energy. However, at home they should also have a specific space where they can release that energy without harming themselves or others, where they can shout or strike if they wish.
  • Enhance attention: Very impulsive children often have trouble concentrating. Games like chess or checkers are excellent options, as long as we are able to motivate the child to be attracted to them and play does not become an obligation.

Causes of Hyperkinetic Disorder

The causes of this disorder are unclear, but a combination of biological, psychological, and environmental factors may contribute to a change in the child's behavior as he or she leaves the family environment - which is always more controlled.

Biological factors include male relatives to grandparents and uncles who may show or have shown symptoms of ADD or ADHD during childhood; injuries acquired during pregnancy or birth, at which time they may be vulnerable to hypoxic injury (lack of oxygen to the brain and reduced blood flow), are among the causes that may generate psychological factors, along with the child's personality; and environmental factors could be related to family or school stress, or educational difficulties (low resources, schools far from home, high academic competence, absent parents, etc.).)

How is hyperkinetic disorder diagnosed?

The child psychologist must perform a series of tests and follow-ups before diagnosing a child with ADD or ADHD. Some of the procedures include:

  • Family history evaluation: the mental and physical health of the child's parents and other family members, history of depression.
  • Medical history: risk factors during pregnancy and childbirth. Any medications taken by the child or the mother during pregnancy may also be relevant.
  • Symptoms: when symptoms were first noticed and in what situation they occurred, factors that aggravated or relieved them.
  • Child's psychiatric history: exclude depression or anxiety after the onset of symptoms.
  • Academic history: this indicates the level of your ability and specific difficulties in functioning as a group or individually.
  • Assessment of the child's temperament and personality: includes assessment of the child's temperament and interrelationships, with family members and at school.
  • Social Behavioral Assessment: Social conditions in the family, such as characteristics of the family nucleus, status, and social support, can have an impact on the child's behavior.

Treatments for attention deficit disorder

A combination of psychological treatment with family and academic dynamics is needed to help you change behavior and improve school performance. Treatment will depend on the difficulties of each individual child and their personal diagnosis. The incorporation of new routines and activities such as sports and music are essential to promote a change in their behaviour and the involvement of parents and family members in conjunction with teachers is essential. It is also very beneficial to interact in a playful way with the child with sensory games or puzzles that allow them to capture their attention and concentrate. Some medications may be suggested by the child psychiatrist, but it is essential to combine them with all other methods.

Psychological management

Therapies aimed at reducing anxiety and group therapies may be of great benefit and are often combined with therapies to improve social skills. Support in learning, to promote school performance and social integration will also need to be re-designed.

These behavior modification techniques are essential in the treatment of hyperkinetic disorder but may also be recommended for mild attention deficit problems.

Diet change

There is evidence about the effect of some foods on children, including sugar and excessive carbohydrate intake. Carefully observing whether behavior changes occur after eating specific foods is important, as well as observing allergic or other reactions to them. Such foods should be avoided. A specialist can help you choose a diet according to your age and rate of growth.

Stimulating medication

Medications may be prescribed in specific cases, but should be carefully monitored and combined with other therapies and learning models, as well as with sports and outdoor play activities.

It is important to explain to the child that medication is a palliative for the symptoms, but it is the enthusiasm and attitude itself, together with the family and school dynamics, that will actually produce a change in their behaviour and behaviour.

It is imperative to quickly address and eliminate stigma and misconceptions (such as letting him think that taking the pills makes him crazy, or makes him different).

Among the most commonly used medications are central nervous system stimulants, such as amphetamine derivatives, whose side effects can be significant. They are used to reduce hyperactivity and impulsivity and to improve care, but should be administered only under strict medical and family follow-up. No medications for this type of childhood disorder are recommended for children under 6 years of age.

Driving techniques for parents and teachers

Routines and planning play an important role, considering strategies to address:

  • Daily routines.
  • Establishing rules.
  • Clarity in explaining things or giving instructions.
  • Coherence in the treatment of children.
  • Limit the elements of distraction.
  • Task planning.
  • Personalised treatment of children, promoting integration with other children.
  • Recognition of good behavior.
  • Sanctioning bad behavior (never physical but through deprivation of other pleasures using a strict process of negotiation or exchange of: pleasure for good behavior).
  • Work in coordination with the school and teachers to maintain these patterns and not to substitute or omit the agreements established in each context.

Symptoms of Attention Deficit Disorder without Hyperactivity

This disorder can only be diagnosed from the age of five or six, but it is from the age of three that a professional with sufficient experience will be able to detect the first symptoms.

The symptoms of attention deficit disorder without hyperactivity are detectable from the moment we see that the child does not adapt correctly to the different areas of daily life, i.e. family, school, friends and even himself.

  • Moves excessively slowly, in all areas, dressing, eating, walking, etc.
  • They are unable to detect what are the important or most significant details of a context or situation they are presented with.
  • They are constantly distracted, always abstracted and have difficulty directing attention to what they are told.
  • The tasks they do are done in a longer time than expected, they are slow to think about certain things and to do those things.

Until ADD is detected and diagnosed, it is thought that children do not do things because they do not want to, that they are lazy, lazy, etc., and it is normal for them to be punished for it.

Parents, teachers, friends, siblings, etc., can all reprimand a child with ADHD for not doing things as expected, which only increases the fear and frustration that the child may feel.

Lack of attention, or rather of effective attention, means that everything related to learning is affected.

Children with ADD often lose objects such as toys, books, school supplies, etc., and often do not remember where they were left.

Common Characteristics of Attention Deficit Disorder with and without Hyperactivity Disorder

Despite the large differences between children with and without hyperactivity with this disorder, we can find many common characteristics that we explain below:

  • Children tend to have low self-esteem.
  • They are introverted and apathetic.
  • They can't wait their turn.
  • They insist on getting what they want.
  • They are disorganized
  • They are unpunctual
  • They are stubborn
  • They are inattentive
  • Have tantrums
  • Etc.

ADD with Hyperactivity

Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) generally suffer from other symptoms and disorders associated with hyperactivity and impulsivity.

The motor, mental and emotional control of a child with ADHD is characterized primarily by:

  • Unrest, nervousness, restlessness,...
  • Hyperactivity
  • Dysgraphia or difficulty reproducing both letters and words
  • Incompetence
  • Gives quick answers without thinking
  • Lack of attention
  • Lack of effectiveness

In addition, children with ADHD are impulsive, impatient and self-centered.

ADD without Hyperactivity

It is less common than ADHD and in this case, this disorder is characterized by the exact opposite of the previous one:

  • Passivity
  • Drowsiness
  • Slowness
  • Lack of energy and vitality

In general, children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are children who are withdrawn, unable to attend, unable to maintain attention for very long periods of time, and have trouble getting their attention right.

The child with Attention Deficit Disorder without hyperactivity usually has somewhat childish behaviors, immature in relation to those expected due to his or her stage of maturation.

In addition, in terms of their motor control, they tend to present passivity, slowness, dysgraphia and clumsiness that are accompanied by slow responses, disorganization and, in general, inefficiency in the performance of their tasks.

Treating Attention Deficit Disorder

  • Speak directly to the eyes, slowly and gently, but with firmness, and get the child to repeat what has been said.
  • Split up tasks so that they can be better assimilated. In class you should sit in the front row, close to the teacher, and at home we should remove all distractions from your sight.

What should not be done is to punish the child who suffers from this type of distraction but to motivate him or her to manage to regulate his or her attention.

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